Robert Schleip


BIO: as pulled from his website


Robert Schleip (*1954 in Göppingen) is a human biologist and psychologist. His area of expertise is fascia research. He graduated from the University of Heidelberg in 1980 with a degree in psychology. 1977-1983 he trained as a Certified-Advanced-Rolfer and 1984-1987 as a Feldenkrais teacher.

In 2006 he received his doctorate in human biology from the University of Ulm. His doctoral thesis on active fascial contractility was awarded with the Vladimir Janda Prize for Musculoskeletal Medicine.

Schleip was co-initiator of the first International Fascia Congress 2007 at the Harvard Medical School in Boston (1st Fascia Research Congress), which marked the breakthrough for modern fascia research, as well as the subsequent congresses. He was a member of the scientific committee at all events in this series.

Schleip has been Director of the Fascia Research Group, Division of Neurophysiology at the University of Ulm since 2008.

Schleip has been the organizer the organizer of the event “CONNECT – Connective Tissues in Sports Medicine” in 2013 and 2017 together with the sports physician Prof. Jürgen Steinacker.

He is also Executive Research Director of the European Rolfing Association,

Vice President of the Ida P. Rolf Research Foundation, and Board Member of the Fascia Research Society.

As a lecturer he teaches in physiotherapy, orthopaedics and training science. He is the author and publisher of specialist publications on the subject of “Fascia” and is present in the media on this subject.




One page in german:



BOOKs complete lists:

I can also include a amazon link for each book individually.

Publications [ edit | Edit ]

  • (Ed., Foreword by the ed.) Feldenkrais, Moshe, The Road to the Ripe Self – Phenomena of Human Behavior / Moshe Feldenkrais Body and Mature Behavior. From the English by Dr. med. Bringfried Schröder,

Paderborn: Junfermann 1994 ISBN 3-87387-126-2

  • The upright person , Kiener, Munich 2015, ISBN 978-3-943324-31-0 .
  • Active fascial contractility , University of Ulm, Dissertation, 2006.
  • (Edited by Thomas W. Findley): Fascia Research, Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care . Elsevier, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-437-55009-6 .
  • (Edited by Peter A. Huijing, Peter Hollander, Thomas W. Findley): Fascia Research II, Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care . Elsevier, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-437-55022-5 .
  • (Edited by Leon Chaitow, Thomas W. Findley): Fascia Research III, Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care . Kiener, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-943324-09-9 .
  • (Edited by Thomas Findley, Peter Huijing, Leon Chaitow): Fascia: The Tensional Network of the Human Body. Churchill Livingstone / Elsevier, Edinburgh / New York 2012, ISBN 978-0-7020-3425-1 . Dt. Edition: Textbook Faszien: Fundamentals, Research, Treatment. Urban & Fischer Verlag / Elsevier, 2014, ISBN 978-3-437-29755-7 .
  • (with Johanna Bayer): Faszien-Fitness , riva, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-86883-483-3 .
  • (with Berengar Buschmann and Johanna Bayer) fascia-strength training, riva, Munich 2016, ISBN 978-3-86883-847-3
  • (Edited by Amanda Baker): Fascia in Sport and Movement . Handspring Publishing Limited, 2015, ISBN 978-1-909141-07-0 .



“Fascia in Sport and Movement”

Robert Schleip’s long-awaited summary of the affect of various forms of training on the fascial network – is now an essential book at Anatomy Trains. Robert’s global point-of-view organizes the information with contributions from yoga, Pilates, Gyrotonic, dance, physiotherapy, osteopathy, and sports folks into fascial elasticity, hypermobility, strengthening, stretching, and hydration. And yes, a chapter from Tom on the Anatomy Trains applied to sport.

The latest research coupled with practical application – no matter what your movement modality, this book will advance your understanding.

The book covers most current research and theory to underpin practice. It provides relevant clinical applications for sport and movement, and gives the manual therapist information on how different activities influence the body and the kind of injuries that might occur. The book upgrades the knowledge of the sport professional, yoga teacher and Pilates trainer with the necessary background to understand the injuries that might present and how to assess and refer.





Preliminary Search – all possible sources not exhausted

  1. Body Align Pro podcast episode #4


2) #15 Books and Ideas Podcast: Dr. Robert Schleip


#15 Books and Ideas Podcast is an interview with Dr. Robert Schleip of the University of Ulm, Germany. We discuss recent discoveries about fascia-a key element of connective tissue, which is involved in wound-healing and chronic pain. Dr. Schleip also shares his personal experience in moving from his role as a practitioner of rolfing to doing basic science research.




All you tube videos can be found at:

Particularly interesting ones and more recent ones:

I CAN preview more of these and decide which videos links are the most important.


Scholarly articles — a beginning

This is a preliminary copy and paste from GOOGLE. I can format a better version for the website but/and there are many articles. So wanted to touch base about priorities and wants for what goes on the website. I can reduce this list by time frame (“since 2018”or “since 2017”) Or preview and choose.



Fascial plasticity–a new neurobiological explanation: Part 1

R Schleip – Journal of Bodywork and movement therapies, 2003 – Elsevier

In myofascial manipulation an immediate tissue release is often felt under the working hand.

This amazing feature has traditionally been attributed to mechanical properties of the

connective tissue. Yet studies have shown that either much stronger forces or longer …

 Cited by 413 Related articles All 25 versions


Active fascial contractility: fascia may be able to contract in a smooth muscle-like manner and thereby influence musculoskeletal dynamics

R Schleip, W Klingler, F Lehmann-Horn – Medical hypotheses, 2005 – Elsevier

Dense connective tissue sheets, commonly known as fascia, play an important role as force

transmitters in human posture and movement regulation. Fascia is usually seen as having a

passive role, transmitting mechanical tension which is generated by muscle activity or …

 Cited by 236 Related articles All 18 versions


Fascial plasticity–a new neurobiological explanation Part 2

R Schleip – Journal of Bodywork and movement therapies, 2003 – Elsevier

Part 1 of this two part article showed that immediate fascial responsiveness to manipulation

cannot be explained by its mechanical properties alone. Fascia is densely innervated by

mechanoreceptors which are responsive to myofascial manipulation. They are intimately …

 Cited by 160 Related articles All 9 versions


[PDF] Book Review of Fascia: The Tensional Network of the Human Body

R Schleip, TW Findley, L Chaitow, PA Huijing – 2012 –

The just released and long-anticipated book on fascia is a noteworthy accomplishment

inspired in part by the 2007, 2009, and 2012 International Fascia Congresses in which

researchers from diverse fields and a great variety of hands-on clinicians came together to …

 Cited by 130 Related articles All 5 versions


What is ‘fascia‘? A review of different nomenclatures

R Schleip, H Jäger, W Klingler – Journal of bodywork and movement …, 2012 – Elsevier

There are many different definitions of fascia. Here the three most common nomenclatures

are compared, including that of the Federative International Committee on Anatomical

Terminology (1998), the definition included in the latest British edition of Gray’s Anatomy …

 Cited by 116 Related articles All 13 versions


[HTML] Three-dimensional mathematical model for deformation of human fasciae in manual therapy

H Chaudhry, R Schleip, Z Ji, B Bukiet… – The Journal of the …, 2008 – Am Osteopathic Assoc

Context: Although mathematical models have been developed for the bony movement

occurring during chiropractic manipulation, such models are not available for soft tissue

motion. Objective: To develop a three-dimensional mathematical model for exploring the …

 Cited by 104 Related articles All 8 versions


Training principles for fascial connective tissues: scientific foundation and suggested practical applications

R Schleip, DG Müller – Journal of bodywork and movement therapies, 2013 – Elsevier

Conventional sports training emphasizes adequate training of muscle fibres, of

cardiovascular conditioning and/or neuromuscular coordination. Most sports-associated

overload injuries however occur within elements of the body wide fascial net, which are then …

 Cited by 99 Related articles All 29 versions


[PDF] Fascia is able to contract in a smooth muscle-like manner and thereby influence musculoskeletal mechanics

R Schleip, W Klingler… – Journal of Biomechanics, 2006 –

With immunohistological analysis we demonstrate the presence of myofibroblasts in normal

human fasciae, particularly the fascia lata, plantar fascia, and the lumbar fascia. Density was

found to be highest in the lumbar fascia and seems to be positively related to physical …

 Cited by 68 Related articles All 8 versions


Passive muscle stiffness may be influenced by active contractility of intramuscular connective tissue

R Schleip, IL Naylor, D Ursu, W Melzer, A Zorn… – Medical hypotheses, 2006 – Elsevier

The article introduces the hypothesis that intramuscular connective tissue, in particular the

fascial layer known as the perimysium, may be capable of active contraction and

consequently influence passive muscle stiffness, especially in tonic muscles. Passive …

 Cited by 147 Related articles All 17 versions


Strain hardening of fascia: static stretching of dense fibrous connective tissues can induce a temporary stiffness increase accompanied by enhanced matrix hydration

R Schleip, L Duerselen, A Vleeming, IL Naylor… – Journal of bodywork and …, 2012 – Elsevier

This study examined a potential cellular basis for strain hardening of fascial tissues: an

increase in stiffness induced by stretch and subsequent rest. Mice lumbodorsal fascia were

isometrically stretched for 15 min followed by 30 min rest (n= 16). An increase in stiffness …

 Cited by 62 Related articles All 10 versions